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Programming Software

A programming tool or software tool is a program or application that software developers use to create, debug, maintain, or otherwise support other programs and applications. The term usually refers to relatively simple programs that can be combined together to accomplish a task, much as one might use multiple hand tools to fix a physical object.

History :

The history of software tools began with the first computers in the early 1950s that used linkers, loaders, and control programs. Tools became famous with Unix in the early 1970s with tools like grep, awk and make that were meant to be combined flexibly with pipes. The term "software tools" came from the book of the same name by Brian Kernighan and P. J. Plauger.

Tools were originally simple and light weight. As some tools have been maintained, they have been integrated into more powerful integrated development environments (IDEs). These environments consolidate functionality into one place, sometimes increasing simplicity and productivity, other times sacrificing flexibility and extensibility. The workflow of IDEs is routinely contrasted with alternative approaches, such as the use of Unix shell tools with text editors like Vim and Emacs.

The distinction between tools and applications is murky. For example, developers use simple databases (such as a file containing a list of important values) all the time as tools. However a full-blown database is usually thought of as an application in its own right.

For many years, computer-assisted software engineering (CASE) tools were sought after. Successful tools have proven elusive. In one sense, CASE tools emphasized design and architecture support, such as for UML. But the most successful of these tools are IDEs.

The ability to use a variety of tools productively is one hallmark of a skilled software engineer.

List of tools :

Software tools come in many forms:

Bug Databases: gnats, Bugzilla, Trac, Atlassian Jira, LibreSource, SharpForge

Build Tools: Make, automake, Apache Ant, SCons, Rake, Flowtracer, cmake, qmake

Code coverage: GCT, CCover

Code Sharing Sites: Freshmeat, Krugle, Sourceforge, ByteMyCode. See also Code search engines.

Compilation and linking tools: GNU toolchain, gcc, Microsoft Visual Studio, CodeWarrior, Xcode, ICC

Debuggers: gdb, GNU Binutils, valgrind. Debugging tools also are used in the process of debugging code, and can also be used to create code that is more compliant to standards and portable than if they were not used.

Disassemblers: Generally reverse-engineering tools.

Documentation generators: Doxygen, help2man, POD, Javadoc, Pydoc/Epydoc, asciidoc

Formal methods: Mathematically-based techniques for specification, development and verification

GUI interface generators: Qt Designer, Cocoa InterfaceBuilder, Windows Forms Visual Studio

Library interface generators: Swig

Integration Tools: OESIS

Memory Use/Leaks/Corruptions Detection: Aard, dmalloc, Electric Fence, duma, Insure++. Memory leak detection: In the C programming language for instance, memory leaks are not as easily detected - software tools called memory debuggers are often used to find memory leaks enabling the programmer to find these problems much more efficiently than inspection alone.

Parser generators: Lex, Yacc, Parsec

Performance analysis or profiling

Refactoring Browser

Revision control: Bazaar, Bitkeeper, Bonsai, ClearCase, CVS, Git, GNU arch, Mercurial, Monotone, PVCS, RCS, SCM, SCCS, SourceSafe, SVN, LibreSource Synchronizer

Scripting languages: Awk, Perl, Python, REXX, Ruby, Shell, Tcl

Search: grep, find

Source-Code Clones/Duplications Finding: CCFinderX

Source code generation tools

Static code analysis: lint, Splint, PMD, Findbugs

Text editors: emacs, vi, vim

IDEs :

Integrated development environments (IDEs) combine the features of many tools into one complete package. They are usually simpler and make it easier to do simple tasks, such as searching for content only in files in a particular project.

IDEs are often used for development of enterprise-level applications.

Some examples of IDEs are:

* Delphi
* C++ Builder
* Microsoft Visual Studio
* Xcode
* IBM Rational Application Developer
* Eclipse
* NetBeans
* IntelliJ IDEA
* WinDev
* Code::Blocks