Office is a set of interrelated desktop applications,
servers and services, collectively referred to as an office
suite, for the Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X operating
systems. Office was introduced by Microsoft in 1989 on Mac
OS, with a version for Windows in 1990. Initially a marketing
term for a bundled set of applications, the first version
of Office contained Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, and
Microsoft PowerPoint. Additionally, a "Pro" version
of Office included Microsoft Access and Schedule Plus. Over
the years, Office applications have grown substantially
closer with shared features such as a common spell checker,
OLE data integration and Microsoft Visual Basic for Applications
scripting language. Microsoft also positions Office as a
development platform for line-of-business software under
the Office Business Applications (OBA) brand.
: Microsoft Word is a word processor and was long considered
to be the main program in Office, although with the rise
of electronic communication that distinction has now passed
to Outlook.Word possesses a dominant market share in the
word processor market. Its proprietary DOC format is considered
a de facto standard, although its most recent version, Word
2007 can also use a new XML-based, Microsoft Office-optimized
format called .DOCX which has been standardized by ECMA
as Office Open XML. Word is also available in some editions
of Microsoft Works. It is available for the Windows and
Mac platforms. The first version of Word, released in the
fall of 1983, was for the DOS operating system and had the
distinction of introducing the mouse to a broad population.
Word 1.0 could be purchased with a bundled mouse, though
one was not required. The following spring Apple introduced
the Mac, and Microsoft released Word for the Mac, which
became the most popular Mac application and which, like
all Mac apps, required the use of a mouse.
: Microsoft Excel is a spreadsheet program. Like Word, it
possesses a dominant market share. It was
originally a competitor to the dominant Lotus 1-2-3, but
it eventually outsold it and became the de facto standard.
It is available for the Windows and Mac platforms. The current
Mac version (Office 2008) has removed Visual Basic functionality
so macros cannot be used and those generated in previous
iterations of Office no longer work.
Outlook, not to be confused with Outlook Express, is a personal
information manager and e-mail communication software. The
replacement for Windows Messaging, Microsoft Mail and Schedule+
(Plus) starting in Office 97, it includes an e-mail client,
calendar, task manager and address book. Although historically
it has been offered for the Mac, the closest to an equivalent
for Mac OS X is Microsoft Entourage, which offers a slightly
different feature set.
PowerPoint is a popular presentation program for Windows
and Mac. It is used to create slideshows, composed of text,
graphics, movies and other objects, which can be displayed
on-screen and navigated through by the presenter or printed
out on transparencies or slides. This is convenient for
school or work presentations.Office Mobile for Windows Mobile
5.0 and later features a version of PowerPoint called PowerPoint
Mobile. It also possesses a dominant market share. Movies,
versions of Microsoft Office is they use their own widget
set and do not exactly match the native operating system.
This is more apparent in the 2002 or XP release of Microsoft
Office where the standard menus were replaced with a colored
flat looking, shadowed menu style.
elements of Office packages' widget systems have been included
in next versions of Windows systems and have offered some
cues into what user interface (UI) elements a major Windows
incarnation would employ in the future: The toolbar, colour
buttons and the usually gray-coloured '3D' look of Office
4.3 were added to Windows 95; The gradient title bar and
flat buttons in Windows 9x/2000.
Microsoft Office 2007 introduces a whole new widget system,
dubbed "Ribbon", but now known as the "Fluent
user interface". The same widget used in Microsoft
Office is also used in the Visual Studio product line, though
the "Fluent UI" was not announced to be included
in future versions of Visual Studio. Later versions of Windows
thus inherit the concepts of task-based user activities
and easy discoverability of program functions.
Windows and Office use "Service Packs" to update
software, Office used to release non-cumulative "Service
Releases", which were discontinued after Office 2000
Service Release 1.