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Glossary : A- Z
Hardisk : Disk that is sealed in to its disk drive.
Hibernate: Method of shutting down Windows that saves the state of your desktop,so that when you start Windows again, the same windows and programs are open.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) : The language used to create webpages.You must use Web browsing software to view HTML documents
HTTP( Hypertext Transfer Protocol :The protocol with which Web Browser communicate and Web servers use to communicate with each other.
Local Area Network (LAN) : Agroup of connected computers in the same location.
Modem : Hardware that transmits data from one computer to another often across phone lines.
My Computer: A feature you can use to manage files stores on your computer or network drives.You can also gain acess to system tools from My computer.The My computer icon appears on your desktop.
NTFS : Windows NT/2000 File sytem,the file system used by windows 2000,NT,and XP;not supported be Windows Me,9x, or older version of Windows or Dos.NTFS enables Windows to provide file-and folder -level security.
Operating System (Os): Program that manages your entire computer system,including its screen ,keyboard,disk drives,memory,and central processor.Windows XP is an operating system.Software ,such as Windows 98, that runs your computer.An operating system controls programs and hardware.
Partition: Logical section of a hardisk.Windows XP can read and write NTFS,FAT32,and FAT partitions.
Ping: Test message sent to find out whether another system will respond.Ping is also the name of a program that sends pings on the internet.Windows comes with a ping program.
Post Office Protocol (POP3) : pop3 protocol allows users to retrieve messages from the server.
Ram: Random Access Memory,the memory chips used for the short-term memory of a computer Also a file extension used for Real Audio files.
Read only File : File or folder whose Read-Only attribute is slected,so that the file cannot be accidentally deleted or modified.Shared disks and folder can be designated read-only.
Router: Specialized computer used to connect multiple segments of networks;for example,to connect a local area network to the internet.
Safemode: Windows startup mode that provides minimal Windows functions be disabling all devices except the keyboard,screen and disk.
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol: A protocol used on the internet to transfer mail from one server to another.
Static IP addressing : Manually assigned IP that doesn,t often change.
Taskbar: A tool you use to open programs and navigate your computer.Usually found at the bottom of your screen,The taskbar contains the Start button,toolbars,aclock,and other features.
TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol , the system that computers use to communicate with each other on the Internet or some local area networks.
Universal Serial Bus ( USB) : A hardware standard for external device connections.USB supports Plug and Play installation so that you can easily add new devices to your computer without having to add an adapter card or shut down.
UPS: Uninterruptible power supply: a battery that can power your PC during a power outage.
URL : Uniform Resource Locator, the address of a piece of information on the Internet , usually a Webpage.
Webpage: A location on the worl wide web , usually a part of a website.The term : Webpage" is sometimes used to describes any HTML document.
Website: A group of realted webpages.
Window : The rectangular portion of your screen that siplays an open program or the contents of a folder or disk.You can multiple windows open at same time.
Windows Explorer: A feature you can use to view the content of your computer and network drives in a hierarchical structure.
World Wide Web: The graphical , multimedia portion of the internet.The web is comprised of millions of Web pages.To explore the web, You use Web Browsing Software.